The Andalusí pottery
The ceramics in Al-Andalus reached an extraordinary technical and decorative level.
Due to the high development statue of the Andalusian civilization, ceramics also achieve a great advance creating very complex techniques and designs.
The Andalusi pottery was made between 11th - 16th C. in Al Andalus.
Al Andalus is a period of the Spain history that lasted more than 800 years (711 - 1492), after the muslim conquest the territory become unified and led by a revolutionary and open laws which favored the development of science, industries, arts and free thinking.
The three main religions lived in the same region without any conflict, sharing their customs, traditions and knowledge. This knowledge brought from all over the world was mixed, studied and developed.
Sciences such as Mathematics, Astronomy, Agriculture, Law, Medicine, Philosophy advanced so much that they served as the basis of the Renaissance in Europe.
Other subjects as crafts (silk, ceramics, intarsia, glass) also reached a high quality level thanks to the enormous development of this civilization.
Pottery evolution in Al Andalus
Pre-Califal Pottery. 8th C.
After the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula by the Omeya Caliphate begins the Al Andalus period, year 726. The first pottery in Al Andalus was a mixture between Roman-Visigothic and North Africa Berber styles. During the Omeya Caliphate the cities grew rapidly and also the demand for household goods.
Califal Pottery. 9th - 11th C.
Al Andalus already become a highly developed civilization, the arts and sciences expand in all its subjects, especially in the main cities: Medina Elvira and Media Ahazara. The glazing techniques brought from the East is developed and the pottery factories grow throughout the territory.
S.XI-XII Ceramica Andalusí
La cerámica al igual que otras artes alcanza un nivel técnico y decorativo nunca antes visto, nuevos colores, nuevos materiales y sobretodo un diseño floral delicado que se mezcla sutilmente con compleja geometría matemática, esto sorprende al resto de países que empiezan a importar estos artículos.
S.XIII-XVI Cerámica Nazarí
A partir del S.XIII la cerámica alcanza un nivel de desarrollo extraordinario, la riqueza en Ál-Andalus favorece que se investiguen nuevas técnicas hasta llegar a la técnica del reflejo metálico: mediante 3 cocciones y una reducción química dentro del horno consigue un complejo efecto dorado, que junto con la decoración floral y geométrica alcanzan piezas de altísima calidad.